When you have hemorrhoids, the veins in your anus and lower rectum are swollen and inflamed thus the visible lumps or masses of tissue in the anus. The buildup of abdominal pressure can cause hemorrhoids. Frequent straining during bowel movement may produce hemorrhoids. Pregnant women and obese people are predisposed to hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids may also result from continual incidents of diarrhea. However, there are also patients who do not have seeming explanation as to the cause of their hemorrhoids. It is called internal hemorrhoids when they are found inside the rectum and is called external hemorrhoids when the lumps or masses tissue are visible under the skin around the anus.
You may have hemorrhoids when you experience bleeding during bowel movements. That itching and irritated feeling in your anal region that is causing you pain and discomfort could also be the result of hemorrhoids. Be wary of the leakage of feces because this is another indication of hemorrhoids. Good thing there are many ways how to prevent and treat hemorrhoids. You can relieve the symptoms with the help of home remedies or even as simple as making lifestyle changes. However, when you are in doubt, it is best to seek help from the experts. Although bleeding during bowel movement is a common sign of hemorrhoids, the bleeding can also be caused by other diseases. To rule out other more serious health conditions, you can always consult a doctor.
Avoid constipation by keeping your stool soft and in the process you also get to prevent hemorrhoids. Include high-fiber foods such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains to your diet. Just make sure you add fiber to your diet little by little in order not to experience bloating and gas. If for any reason you think that you are not getting enough of the recommended daily amount of fiber, you can always consider over-the-counter fiber supplements.
Drinking lots of fluids also helps soften your stool. It is highly recommended that you drink 8-10 glasses of water and other liquids daily. Always remember that drinking plenty of water has lots of benefits to your body.
Engage in regular exercises. Being active helps promote regular bowel movement and deter you from standing or sitting for long periods which can also cause hemorrhoids. Being overweight is another contributing factor of hemorrhoids so better start an exercise routine to lose the excess weight.
Avoid delaying when you feel the urge to have a bowel movement to prevent hemorrhoids.
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In most cases, the ways on how to prevent and treat hemorrhoids are simple. Modifying your lifestyle can make a great impact not only to avoid hemorrhoids but for your overall well-being. However, there could be instances when you must bank on medications or surgical procedures. For minor cases of hemorrhoids, there are creams, ointments, suppositories or pads that are available over the counter but the relief for the itching and pain using these products is only temporary. In addition, there are side effects like skin thinning, inflammation and skin rash that you should consider.
Some minimally invasive procedures for treatment of hemorrhoids include rubber band ligation, injection (sclerotherapy), and coagulation (infrared, laser or bipolar). For more serious cases of hemorrhoids, there are surgical procedures recommended depending on how severe the case is. Hemorrhoidectomy or hemorrhoid removal is done to remove the excess tissue that is causing the bleeding. For severe and recurring case of hemorrhoids, hemorrhoidectomy is an effective procedure.
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Another option for surgical procedure is hemorrhoid stapling, also called stapled hemorrhoidectomy or stapled hemorrhoidopexy. This less painful surgical procedure involves blocking the flow of blood to the hemorrhoidal tissue. Faster recovery is also associated with hemorrhoid stapling.
At the end of the day, when treatment for your hemorrhoids already requires you to undergo surgical procedure, it is important that you discuss with your doctor what option is best for you.